Japanese Pronouns

Definition: A pronoun is a word that takes the place os a noun. However some pronouns are used as adjectives, modifying the meaning of a noun rather than replacing it.

Types of pronouns:
  • Subject Pronouns
  • Direct Object Pronouns
  • Indirect Objects Pronouns

Subject Pronouns: Japanese Subject Pronouns are frecuently omitted when it's not easy to guesswho is being referred to. Futhermore, second-person an third-person are seldom or never used, especially to address a superior, because it carries an rude tone. In general, the name of a person or one's occupation is followeb by the polite suffix さん -San wich is commonly used intead of a personal pronoun.

Personal Pronouns in Japanese refer to people, not ideas or things.

English Kanji Katakana/Hiragana Romaji
I(formal) わたし Watashi
I(men) ぼく Boku
I(girls, women) あたし Atashi
I(rough, men) おれ Ore
You あなた Anata
You(less formal) きみ Kimi
You(informal, men) お 前 おまえ Omae
You(rude) あんた Anta
He かれ Kare
She 彼 女 かのじょ Kanojo
He/She あの人 Ano hito
He/She あの方 Ano hō
We 私たち Watashi-tachi
They 彼 ら かれら Karera


  • How are you?
  • あ な た は ど の よ う に?
  • Anata wa dono yō ni.
  • I went to Tokyo last month.
  • は 先 月 東 京 #12395;行 っ て き ま し た.
  • Watashi wa sengetsu Tōkyō ni itte kimashita.
  • How old is she?
  • 彼 女 は 古 い で す か ?.
  • Kanojo wa furuidesu ka?
  • He is a man with a sense of humor.
  • は ユ ー モ ア の セ ン ス を 持 つ 男 で す
  • Kare wa yūmoa no sensu o motsu otokodesu.
  • We want to buy a car.
  • 私 た ち は 車 を 購 入 し た い
  • Watashi-tachi wa kuruma o kōnyū shitai.
  • They will travel to Japan.
  • 彼 ら は 日 本 を 訪 問 す る.
  • Karera wa Nippon o hōmon suru.

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