Japanese Conjugation

Definition: In Japanese the conjugation of verbs is more complicated than English, because in Japanese the conjugation in future and present is same but exit the past, negative, form i, form te, Potential, Causative, Passive causative, Imperative, Passive, Volitional, form conditionally eba, form conditionally ra.

Conjugation in Present and Future

In Japanese the present and future are same and the difference the put the context of time in where you have the talk, in these tenses is not necessary the conjugation.

Example:
  • Present:
    I eat fish = 私 は 魚 を 食 べ る = Watashi wa sakana o taberu

  • Future:
    I eat fish = 私 は 魚 を 食 べ る = Watashi wa sakana o taberu


Conjugation in Past

For Irregular Verbs

For make this conjugation, you should do the replacement of the letters you see to below, this letters you find in finish the verbs or adjectives.

Present Past
す る = suru し た = shita
来 る = kuru 来 た = kita
行 く = iku 行 っ た = itta
い ら っ し ゃ る = irassharu い ら っ し ゃ っ た = irasshatta
ま す = masu ま し た = mashita


For Regular Verbs

For make this conjugation, you should do the replacement of the letters you see to below, this letters you find in finish the verbs or adjectives.

Present Past
= u っ た = tta
= ku い た = ita
= gu い だ ida
= su し た = shita
= tsu っ た = tta
= nu ん だ = nda
= bu ん だ = nda
= mu ん だ = nda
= ru っ た = tta
い る = iru い た = ita
え る = eru え た = eta


Examples:

  • 使 = tsukau (Present)

  • 使 っ た = tsukatta (Past)


  • = oyogu (Present)

  • い だ = oyoida (Past)


  • = matsu (Present)

  • っ た = matta (Past)


  • = yobu (Present)

  • ん だ = yonda (Past)


  • 着 替 え る = kigaeru (Present)

  • 着 替 え た = kigaeta (Past)

For Adjectives

For make this conjugation, you should do the replacement of the letters you see to below, this letters you find in finish the verbs or adjectives.

Present Past
= i か っ た = katta
= na だ っ た = datta


Examples:
  • yasui

  • か っ た yasukatta
  • 簡 単 kantan

  • 簡 単 だ っ た kantan datta

Conjugation in Negative

The basic pattern is to convert u in nai or anai.

For Irregular Verbs

Infinitive Negative
す る = suru し な い = shinai
来 る = kuru 来 な い = konai
あ る = aru な い = nai
= da じ ゃ な い = ja nai
ま す = masu ま せ ん = masen

Examples:
  • 勉 強 す る = benkyō suru

  • 勉 強 し な い = benkyō shinai


  • 行 き ま す = ikimasu

  • 行 き ま せ ん = ikimasen

For Regular Verbs

Infinitive Negative
= u わない = wanai
= ku かない = kanai
= gu がない = ganai
= su さない = sanai
= tsu たない = tanai
= nu なない = nanai
= bu ばない = banai
= mu まない = manai
= ru らない = ranai
い る = iru い な い = inai
え る = eru え な い = enai

Examples:
  • = matsu

  • た な い = matanai


  • = shinu

  • な な い = shinanai


  • = hashiru

  • ら な い = hashiranai

For Adjectives

Present Past
= i く な い = kunai
= na じ ゃ な い = ja nai

Examples:
  • itai

  • く な い itakunai


  • 簡 単 kantan

  • 簡 単 じ ゃ な い kantan ja nai

Read more about Japanese verb conjugation: Japanese conjugation verb





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